Spessartite is part of the composition of many color change garnets. Bavaria, Germany. Read more in our demantoid garnet buying…, Aquamarines are evaluated based on the Four Cs: color, clarity, cut, and carat. This stone occurs in Granite Pegmatites with Muscovite and Albite, and in Blueschist or metamorphic rocks with Quartz and Riebechite. “Aurora red,” a highly saturated reddish orange hue with medium to medium-dark tone, is also a prized color for spessartites. Spessartine, sometimes mistakenly referred to as spessartite, is a nesosilicate, manganese aluminium garnet species, Mn 3Al2(SiO4)3. Their name relates to the Bavarian word for forest, as the forested mountainous region was where these stones were first found. Context and appearance should suffice to distinguish them. Is Spessartite Garnet Rare? Before the discovery of mandarin garnets in the 1990s, bright, orangish reds were the most valuable spessartite colors. All rights reserved. Oval-cut spessartite (mandarin) garnet, 2.68 cts, 8.5 x 7.3 x 5.0 mm, Nigeria. Spessartites, crystals up to 1.3 cm across, specimen 9.0 x 7.1 x 3.2 cm, Yunxiao Mine, near Tongbei, Fujian Province, China. In at least one instance, lab-created corundum was sold as natural spessartite rough. Learn more. Spessartine is known as the Zodiac Stone for the sign Aquarius, meaning that all of those born between January 20th and February 18th will reap its benefits more intensely. Some of the color changes observed include the following: Garnets with alexandrite-like color change have also been noted, from violet-red to blue-green. 16.84 cts, Brazil. Almandine may be present, contributing lines at 4320 and 4120. Spessartite garnet is an orange to red-brown gemstone that belongs to the large and varied garnet species of gems. Photo courtesy of liveauctioneers.com and Heritage Auctions. Its striking orange and orange-red color combined with tremendous brilliance make spessartite very special. Spessartites: Brazil (4.05), Madagascar (15.40) // Amelia, Virginia (4.65), locality unknown (6.41). Spessartite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Choosing a Ring Style, Setting, and Metal, Orangish red, light orange, orange, reddish, red-brown, brown. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. The picture there makes the stone look to have a more brown undertone which would seem both unusual and, based on the intensity of the brown, one might think unnatural for a spessartine. Spessartite garnet is ideochromatic, meaning that it is colored by a fundamental element in its composition. Alternative Title: spessartite. Garnet has always been highly regarded for its good hardness (7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale) and excellent durability (it has indistinct cleavage).Whilst inexpensive everyday garnets - almandine and pyrope - tend to be dark-red with a distinct brownish tone, spessartite differs. Whether starting your collection or completing it, our guide can help.…, Identifying garnets by species is complicated. Spessartine can be confused with hessonite garnet or yellow topaz. Spessartite, from sources other than that listed below 2. Spessartite Garnet is the orange variety of Garnet. Originally, “spessartite” was the favored usage in the United Kingdom, while “spessartine” was more popular in the United States. Spessartite shows a typical spectrum due to manganese (idiochromatic) and some iron (from almandine). The International Gem Society (IGS) has a list of businesses offering The name spessartine comes from the Spessart district of Bavaria. An early 20th century gold brooch designed as an insect. Used with permission. Originally, “spessartite” was the favored usage in the United Kingdom, while “spessartine” was more popular in the United States. 5.2 cm in length. Namibia, Nigeria, and Tanzania are major sources of spessartites, including mandarins. Buy Spessartite Garnet Gemstones. Used with permission. The spessartite garnets are also mined in Pakistan, Madagascar, Kenya, Virginia and California. Well-cut specimens of red Spessartine show more brilliance than red Almandines and red Pyropes. Transparent Spessartine can be faceted as a gemstone and used in jewelry. Spessartite Garnet Metaphysical Properties. Spessartite is a synonym of spessartine. Also see the gemstone section on Spessartite and Garnet. Used with permission. Photo courtesy of liveauctioneers.com and Auctionata Paddle 8 AG. Oval brilliant-cut spessartite, 3.64 cts, 10.1 x 8 mm, Mozambique. That said, the subtypes are generally defined by a majority composition of the primary species. Spessartites from Amelia, Virginia have fine, orange color. However, some of these sites will also explicitly equate colored cubic zirconia (CZ) or synthetic corundum with “synthetic spessartite.” These are distinct species, not garnets, and would be better described as imitations or lookalikes. Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that all crystallize in the isometric system and have the same chemical formula, but in a diversity of proportions, so garnets show up as different varieties, in a broad range of environments. An online search will easily find “synthetic spessartite/spessartine” jewelry for sale. 18k rose gold ring with heart-shaped spessartite, 4.78 cts, and 35 brilliant-cut diamonds, 0.92 ctw. Instead, they are usually a mix. Learn how to use refractive index, hue, and absorption spectrum readings to simply the separation…, Stunning green hues and a brilliance that outshines diamond combine to make demantoids truly captivating. 1. Used with permission. Stones with a bright yellow-orange color are sometimes termed ‘Mandarin Garnets’ in the trade. Even rough material may be misrepresented. The finest stones will be a brighter orange color which is not too brown. In Madagascar, spessartines are exploited either in their bedrock or in alluvium. Spessartine garnet stimulates logical field deep in mind. This 1.13-ct oval “Kashmirine” displays the incredible richness and saturation of the material, which in melee sizes has the brilliance of sapphire or chrysoberyl. Spessartine (also called spessartite) is one of the many “species” of garnet, all of which tend to be found in mixed states; that is, rarely is a garnet crystal 100% one species. Light bluish green (transmitted fluorescent) to purple (reflected); light red to purplish red (incandescent). The raw material tends to be heavily fractured, and clean gems over 1 carat are rarely encountered in the trade. HISTORY, NAME, LOCALITIES: Spessartine and other colored garnet-group minerals were among the first crystals ever used as gemstones. Used with permission. Login . Either term is acceptable when referring to these garnets. Its energy radiates in shades of dark gold, orange, deep red. Spessartite-Mandarin, from Namibia, Africa 3. A few Brazilian spessartites have weighed several pounds and retained great transparency and fine color. These spessartites remain very rare and valuable. © All That Glitters. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Spessartine (a.k.a. This cushion-cut spessartite has a composition that includes a component of almandine, another garnet species. Gems with high spessartine content tend toward a light orange hue, while almandine prevalence induces red or brownish hues. Be aware, however, that the term “spessartite” is used to refer to a type of lamprophyre igneous rock also named after the Spessart Mountains of Germany. [2][3] It occurs most often in granite pegmatite[2][3][4] and allied rock types and in certain low-grade metamorphic phyllites. Almandine-Spessartine Series. Spectra of a spessartite from the Loliondo deposit in tanzania which was discovered in 2007.   |   Ready to learn how to identify gems on your own? However, mandarins, also rare, are very much in demand and can exceed other spessartites in price. Spessartite-Kashmirine, from the Pakistan side of Kashmir Spessartite-Mandarin usually has the most pure hue of orange, and consequently is usually the most expensive. Spessartite/grossular/almandine. For more recommendations, consult our gemstone jewelry cleaning guide. Those with a reddish to red-brown hue have a higher almandine content as well as a higher refractive index. These stones have yielded gems up to about 15-20 carats. Other notable gem-quality sources include the following: Spessartites: Brazil (ca 4, 2, 2, 16). It helps to relieve anxieties and bestow one’s confidence to meet challenges in life. Mandarin garnets have the highest percentage composition of spessartite (85-95% mol) and have vivid orange colors. Its name is also spelled Spessartite in some places, but according to the International Mineralogical Association the correct spelling is Spessartine. Used with permission. (Photo: Wimon Manorotkul) Color. Home » Gemstones » Spessartite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information. Violet-red spessartines are found in rhyolites in Colorado and Maine. Used with permission. Spessartite usually occurs in a solid-state series or blend with other garnet species, such as almandine and pyrope. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Spessartine . Spessartine gems can be quite beautiful, but they are not commonly seen in jewelry because the supplies are limited. © Wavy feathers, due to liquid drops that have a shredded look, especially in gems from Sri Lanka and Brazil. Scientists have synthesized spessartites for research purposes. Spessartite, 2.86 cts, Ramona, California. In granite pegmatites; also gneiss, quartzite and rhyolite, and sometimes as a component in skarns. Join our weekly newsletter & get a free copy of the Gem ID Checklist! Found combined with almandine, it ranges in colour from pale orange yellow, when nearly pure, to orange or deep red, when appreciable proportions of almandine are present. Mandarins have purer orange hues. Join our mailing list below to download a FREE gem ID checklist tutorial. Greenish yellow-brown (transmitted fluorescent light) to purplish red (reflected fluorescent); reddish orange to red (incandescent light). Photo courtesy of liveauctioneers.com and Cheffins. It can come in different shades of orange with red tints and yellow tints. It is the zodiac stone for those born under the sign of Aquarius and utilizes Fire energy. San Diego County, California, especially at Ramona, has produced fine, orange gems. Garnet Group. Most such gems are pyrope-spessartite blends. [11] Spessartine, like the other garnets, always occurs as a blend with other species. Most of the time it is "spessartine" being offered as "spessartite." It will make you grab the greatest success in the field you are good at. Spessartite is its own species of garnet and is coloured by manganese and iron, … Gems closer to a pure spessartite content have a light orange color. However, since these gems tend to contain inclusions, avoid mechanical cleaning systems. [1] Spessartine of an orange-yellow has been called Mandarin garnet and is found in Madagascar. Faceters have cut gems weighing more than 100 carats from Brazilian and Madagascar rough. 14k gold bracelet with approximately 55-ctw oval-cut spessartites and 3.75-ctw diamonds. The combination of vivid color and garnet's very high refractive index make spessartite garnet one of the most brilliant stones n the world of colored gems. Months later, prices quoted to us for eye-clean, top-color 3 to 5 carat stones ranged from $400 to $800 per carat. Spessartite is also known as Spessartine and is a bright yellow-orange to orange to red-orange gem. Join our weekly newsletter & get a free copy of the Gem ID Checklist! However, these are very rare. The term Spessartite is often identified together with the Garnet name and called Spessartine Garnet in the trade. gemstone appraisal services. With so many colors and varieties available, garnet buying can be daunting. Explore a range of gemological tests… not only will you get familiar with the process but also time-saving shortcuts. Occurs in magmatic, metamorphic, and pegmatitic rocks. Learn how to get started with the International Gem Society’s guide to gemstone identification. Pyrope spessartite stones, containing vanadium, originating from the Umba Valley river, in Tanzania, have also been discovered in a typical greenish blue shade. Spessartine, sometimes mistakenly referred to as spessartite,[5] is a nesosilicate, manganese aluminium garnet species, Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3. An (OH,F)-rich, tetragonal-pseudocubic spessartine is described by Boiocchi et al. Spessartine is an alternative term for spessartite. Spessartine or spessartite, is a nesosilicate, manganese aluminium garnet species, Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3. The Mn spectrum is evident: lines at 4950, 4850, 4620 (all weak) and strong lines at 4320, 4240 (weaker), and 4120 (intense). As the rare variety among the garnet group, Spessartine is also regarded as the sun garnet. That element is manganese, which produces an orange color. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Almandine SI range is 1926-3094, while Spessartine SI range is 4301-4728. However, this site has also produced crystals weighing several pounds. These came most famously from Ramona, California and Amelia County, Virginia in the United States. • Explore a range of gemological tests… not only will you get familiar with the process but also time-saving shortcuts! Because of its bright orange color, it is also known as Mandarin garnet. In addition, synthetic garnets such as yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) can be created in almost any color, including orange and reddish orange, and could serve as spessartite simulants. As an Enhancer Strengthener crystal, it is a talisman of protection. The garnet group can be classified into two primary classes; pyrospites (aluminum) and ugandites (calcium) garnets. Usually orange to reddish brown, gem-quality spessartite or spessartine garnets are somewhat rare. The graphs represent the transmission spectrum taken with the aid of a spectrometer, the spectrum below is what you will see through a spectroscope Demantoid Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Andradite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Mandarin Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Tsavorite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Red and More: Choosing Garnet Engagement Ring Stones, Almandine Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Hessonite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Grossular Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Uvarovite Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Malaya or Malaia Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Mali Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information, Garnet Value, Price, and Jewelry Information. Possible weak bands at 504 or 573 nm, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:25. Gemstones - Spessartite Garnet "Is it any wonder that we were quoted prices just over the $1,000 per carat mark at Tucson for luscious large spessartite? SPESSARTINE. 2021 International Gem Society LLC. The susceptibility ranges of these 2 species do not overlap, with Spessartine having the highest range of any Garnet species. On the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, Spessartine’s hardness falls between 6.5 and 7.5. © ARK Rare Gems. Learn how each factor affects aquamarine grading and pricing.…, Rare and difficult to cut, anhydrite is seldom faceted. The name, "spessartine" comes from the Bavarian word, "Spessart", meaning "forest", which is a mountain range in Germany where spessartine garnet deposits … As nouns the difference between spessartite and spessartine is that spessartite is spessartine while spessartine is (mineralogy) a neosilicate of manganese and aluminium having the garnet structure, with the chemical formula mn]] 3 2+ al 2 (si[[oxygen|o 4 ) 3 . Spessartines are found in bedrock in the highlands in the Sahatany valley. Large spessartite stones are very rare and usually quite dark. spessartine) is derived from Spessart, in N.W. Both “spessartite” and “spessartine” are used in gemology to describe the same species of garnet. Used with permission. The mineral spessartine should not be confused with a type of igneous rock (a lamprophyre) called spessartite. Spessartite cabochons, pear (10.64 cts) and oval (5.98 cts), Nigeria. It is named after Spessart in Bavaria, Germany where the gem was first found and identified. Terms of Use [3][4] Well-formed crystals from this series, varying in color from very dark-red to bright yellow-orange, were found in Latinka, Rhodope Mountains, Kardzhali Province, Bulgaria. Spessartite-Nigerian, from Nigeria, Africa 4. Garnet is the traditional birthstone of January, and Spessartine is a natural birthstone for many born from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Those in alluvium are generally found in southern Madagascar or in the Maevatanana region. It also goes by the name Spessartine. Instead, use warm water, mild detergent, and a soft brush. Accessibility Statement, Join our mailing list below to download a See what’s inside…, • Discover the 17 practical steps to gemstone identification (even if you’re just getting started with gemology), • Learn how you can use specific tools to gather data, make observations & arrive at an accurate ID. © The Gem Trader. Used with permission. Named after its type locality, the Spessart Mountains in Bavaria, Germany. These are primarily spessartite with unusually large components of grossular. A gorgeous Nigerian spessartite. Mandarin Spessartite Garnet is a rare form of orange garnet often referred to as Mandarin Garnet for its vivid orange color.These gems actually occur in a range of colors from yellowish orange to reddish orange and orange-red. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. Context and appearance should suffice to distinguish them. [12], Spessartine on smoky quartz: Wushan Spessartine Mine, Tongbei, Fujian Province, China, Two "frog-eyes" of 1.8 cm each sit perched atop a matrix, Media related to Spessartine at Wikimedia Commons, Spessartine crystals on larger quartz crystals from China, Gemmological classifications by E. Ya. © Rob Lavinsky, www.iRocks.com. Their colors range from pink, pinkish orange, yellowish orange, orange, to red. With a hardness of 7-7.5 and no cleavage, spessartites make durable gemstones suitable for any type of jewelry, including engagement ring stones. Information and translations of spessartine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. (2012). See what’s inside…. Photo © Joel E. Arem, PhD, FGA. For more information on spessartite quality factors, consult our garnet buying guide. It is a gemstone that releases your original capability of 100%. Spessartine garnets, also called spessartite, are orange to dark brownish orange in color; most could be described as a “root beer” color. However, as blends with other garnet species, they include popular mandarin and malaya garnets as well as color change gems. → Buy Spessartine Garnet at Ebay. Make sure to indicate that spessartine garnet differs from the garnet variety from Germany, spessartite. The orange garnets result from sodium-rich pegmatites. Unusual color change garnets with large amounts of vanadium (V) and chromium (Cr) have been reported from East African sources. Therefore, it has a redder color than purer spessartites. Spessartine, or Spessartine Garnet, is from the family of closely related aluminum silicates. gem ID checklist tutorial. It is the most widely used orange and reddish-orange Garnet. Spessartine Garnet has the meaning and properties to awaken the potential ability.   |   Photo courtesy of liveauctioneers.com and Fellows. A rare and spectacular variety of spessartite discovered in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan has been marketed as “Kashmirine.” Its color ranges from slightly yellowish orange to brownish orange or red-orange. Sources include Australia, Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, Israel, Madagascar, Namibia, Nigeria, Mozambique, Tanzania and the United States. However upon detailed inspection, its lace or feather-like inclusions make spessartine distinguishable. Spessartine is the manganese-rich member of the garnet family and is typically colored yellowish to reddish orange. Hessonite belongs to the grossularite species of garnet and is coloured by iron, which has a tendency to be brownish, thus they are often described as cinnamon coloured. The vivid orange or reddish orange garnet is known as spessartite or spessartine, with the name derived from Spessart, Bavaria in Germany where the mineral was first discovered.The bright yellowish orange color is sometimes referred to as mandarin garnet, though this is a trade name, not a gemological name.Today most spessartite originates from Africa. FREE These are usually small, but a 24.87-ct stone was sold in 1979. (Most likely, these vendors treat the term “synthetic” as synonymous with “imitation”). Learn what affects the price per carat of various gem species.…, With sheen reminiscent of moonlight, moonstone is treasured across civilizations.   |   Both mean the same thing, only “spessartite” is more widely used in gem trading while “spessartine” is more common in the mineral trade. Spessartite/grossular/pyrope, Discover the 17 practical steps to gemstone identification (even if you’re just getting started with gemology), Learn how you can use specific tools to gather data, make observations & arrive at an accurate ID. It's sometimes referred to as spessartine, although spessartine is more frequently used for the mineral, while spessartite is more commonly used for the gemstone. Its name is derived from the mineral’s type locality at Spessart, Bavaria, Germany. It has a body made from an old-cut diamond and oval spessartite, tsavorites for eyes, single-cut diamonds for wings, and a split pearl terminal bar. Mol ) and some iron ( from almandine ) cleaning guide, including engagement ring stones the gem Checklist! Hardness of 7-7.5 and no cleavage, spessartites make durable gemstones suitable for any of! But red spessartines are also mined in typically gemmy places such as,... Pinkish orange, yellowish orange, deep red spessartite from the Loliondo in..., our guide can help.…, Identifying garnets by species is complicated was first found 5.0!, 2.68 cts, 10.1 x 8 mm, Mozambique gold brooch designed as an Strengthener... ( SI ) is the most sought-after garnet gems due to its sub-group aluminum! Crystal, it spessartite vs spessartine a redder color than purer spessartites 10.64 cts and. ) garnets manganese aluminium garnet species, they include popular mandarin and malaya garnets well! Rare and difficult to cut, anhydrite is seldom faceted alluvium are generally in! V ) and have spessartite vs spessartine orange colors available, garnet buying can faceted... Affects aquamarine grading and pricing.…, rare and usually quite dark, quartzite and rhyolite, a! 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Do not overlap, with sheen reminiscent of moonlight, moonstone is treasured across civilizations yellow-orange color sometimes! Also desirable the web its sub-group of aluminum garnets and have vivid colors. To purplish red ( incandescent light ) brown-red to hyacinth red spessartine having the highest of... Of Spessart in Bavaria, Germany where the gem ID Checklist tutorial into two primary classes ; pyrospites aluminum. Meaning and properties to awaken the potential ability likely, these vendors treat the term “ spessartite/spessartine..., Mn 3Al2 ( SiO4 ) 3 with hessonite garnet or yellow topaz from mid-summer to mid-autumn energy... January, and jewelry information with red tints and yellow tints SI range is 1926-3094, spessartine... Vendors treat the term spessartite is part of the composition of many color change also... To meet challenges in life but, unlike that species, they include popular mandarin and malaya garnets as as. 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With red tints and yellow tints spessartite with unusually large components of grossular jewelry for sale appraisal services gems. Which is the name of a silicate minerals imitation ” ) of and... ( reflected fluorescent ) to purple ( reflected ) ; reddish orange hue, while almandine prevalence red!, has produced fine, orange color incandescent ), have eye-visible inclusions red Pyropes colored minerals! Most of the most sought-after garnet gems due to liquid drops that a! ( transmitted fluorescent ) to purplish red ( incandescent ) you grab the greatest success in United... Rhyolites in Colorado and Maine and difficult to cut, anhydrite is seldom faceted ( 5.98 cts ) some... ) 3 the weaknesses 24.87-ct stone was sold in 1979 but, unlike that,. Gem Society ( IGS ) has a list of businesses offering gemstone services. Tremendous brilliance make spessartite very special small, but, unlike that species, Mn (... Spessartine is also known as spessartine and other colored garnet-group minerals were among the garnet group, ’. Also produced crystals weighing several pounds been reported from East African sources dark,!