Against Interpretation Susan Sontag The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. Against Interpretation is an essay written by American critic Susan Sontag. She is also the author of four novels, a collection of stories and several plays. Download with Google Download with Facebook Required fields are marked *. As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. 0000009324 00000 n on Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, Dr Vinay Lal’s Concepts of the Indian Diaspora. 0000001060 00000 n In this case art began needing support from outside to appreciate it. Against Interpretation closes with the platitude: “In place of a hermeneutics we need an erotics of art.” (Sontag, p.14) This is one of Sontag’s statements that promises more than it delivers. Susan Sontag’s “Against Interpretation” Susan Sontag is an American Critic who rejected New Criticism. In conclusion Sontag advocates against looking at an interpreting art didactically or as a delight. It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including 'On Style,' and the eponymous essay 'Against Interpretation.' As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. Sontag cites Thomas Mann as an over-cooperative author and “the mars ravishment” of Kafka. The earliest theory of art, that of the Greek philosophers, proposed that art was mimesis, imitation of reality. Thirdly she finds equally valuable those criticisms which are accurate, sharp and feels the form of a work of an art. Like Nietzsche, Sontag thinks we're too analytical, too divorced from our instincts, and a direct encounter with art is essential to enliven us. The question as I would like to reposition it is, “is Sontag categorically against interpretation?” I would answer that Sontag is not against interpretation per se, but rules of interpretation; she is against the practise of using an interpretative grid over and over to “decode” disparate works of art. On the contrary, modern interpreters discarded established truths in order to recreate their own. It is a line that Susan Sontag quotes toward the ... by Against Interpretation (1966 ... the problem is one of interpretation. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) In a 1968 essay in Commentary, Irving Howe saw her as the “publicist” for a young generation of critics that was making its presence felt “like a spreading blot of anti-intellectualism.” Focusing on the woman rather than the work, other critics dubbed her “… 0000006033 00000 n “Notes on Camp”, an essay was first published in 1964, and was republished in 1966 in her collection of essays, Against Interpretation. On the other hand, Sontag believes interpretation must be self-evaluated, with the historical view of human consciousness. Susan Sontag in her essay “Against Interpretation” focuses on what an interpretation really is. As a critic (and fiction writer) herself, Sontag had some definite ideas about what criticism should and should not do. That is, in the classical period of interpretation, the old is not discarded but only revamped. She also asks for “a vocabulary of forms” that is like descriptive rather than prescriptive. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Susan Sontag. Against interpretation The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. Summary Sections 1–3. 0000000967 00000 n A work of art can be as Sontag believes that more attention to form in art should be given. Sontag spelled out this critical program in her 1964 essay, “Against Interpretation,” which now appears in the Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism in its most recent third edition—the sure sign of her domestication by American humanities. 0000004312 00000 n b���e�n9�I�,�z�v�9�.I �de� �v1�U��-Pׯ�렕��Q��B8S& "Against Interpretation" is the direct statement of this view. 0000003004 00000 n 0000006848 00000 n 0000001569 00000 n Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. "Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. 0000009345 00000 n 0000001340 00000 n She discusses and mixes the ideas of other writers and further differentiates two kinds of interpretation – form based interpretation and content based interpretation. In reducing the work of art to its content, an interpreter “lames the work of art”. The title “against” does not mean that Sontag is against interpretation, rather it questions those that are against and tries to defend interpretation. Susan Sontag. The only difference is in classical theory interpretation, only alter in order to reconcile meaning where insistent but respectful in their opinions and give one more meaning to the existing meaning without rejecting the original. She argues that, yet they both have looked upon art as (in Freudian terms) manifest content with the intention to communicate meanings alone. Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, William Safran and Rogers Brubaker’s Views on Diaspora. 0000003230 00000 n V)�D��A�94lڀ������4�XA�$� X�8�YI�Q/`�N�N�i>�L�5����g����EU�˫xᠷ��Y��5�L��C`�H�4����͇����l�A��[�i��:�p������.�ւ@.R�/OB�$o���n�����>�N�`�X*Ȭ��Æ���Pb9'U﬇��k�x�8. Modern theorists following soon after the formalist school believed the theory of art as a subjective expression to the point of viewing art as semiotics (study of signs) and power relationships. 0000005118 00000 n Therefore art was neither useful nor true. 0000007687 00000 n Susan Sontag Against Interpretation 1964 莉 舒 2 mimetic theory need not close their eyes to decorative and abstract art. H�lTɒ�0��+�Q�b!ɋ��DAAAMQ|c8h��h�lef��晬���΀�so�����m[��v�*YS��W�?+�3�/b�b y��L�ٚ�f5�Hg��n�{q So there has been two phases in understanding art – the innocent acceptance of art (needed no defence or support outside itself) and secondly, the experienced justification of what it says or attempts to say. In the latter, Sontag argues that in the new approach to aesthetics the spiritual importance of art is being replaced by the emphasis on the intellect.… By three armies of interpreters one citing is writing as a social allegory, the other as psychoanalytic allegory and the third as a religious allegory. She believes that it was the classical period which gave importance to ‘content’ of a work other than meaning and other things. 0000033889 00000 n Your email address will not be published. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Aristotle disputed this idea and interpreted that art is “medicinally useful in arousing and purging dangerous emotions” (catharsis). She was against the Avant Garde movement pioneered by T.S.Eliot and Ezra Pound. H�t��n�0��~�9R��p�tL� p�&@,���šm��d�J�F/}�IyKRib�f>�K9�(K���AAUi�2���r*���ŕ30sx�n֎.n��ʙ�lG���)G'�Cy=aspMy^��k�MRFcy�BE����\um��� Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. 0000054959 00000 n As the only woman among the 1960s world of New York Jewish intellectuals, Sontag was both venerated and villainized, depicted as either a counter-cultural hero or a posturing pop celebrity. Susan Sontag, in “Against Interpretation,” takes a very interesting critical standpoint on the idea of literary interpretation. Sontag immediately addresses this, clarifying her use of the term at the start of section 3: Of course, … “Against Interpretation” in Against Interpretation and other Essays. She has written novels like The Benefactor (1964) and Death Kit (1968) . On the other hand, modern theorists were radical, aggressive and dismissive in their act of interpretation. Download | Z-Library is present in all animate and inanimate things even content! 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